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bugis ethnic gender mathematics performance self efficacy

A Study of Students’ Self-Efficacy in Mathematics Performance Based on Bugis Ethnicity and Gender

Syamsu Alam , Mega Teguh Budiarto , Tatag Yuli Eko Siswono

The study on mathematical performance was significant enough to be studied further to measure students' self-efficacy. Although studies on student.


The study on mathematical performance was significant enough to be studied further to measure students' self-efficacy. Although studies on student self-efficacy in math performance from a gender perspective were abundant, studies on this relationship from the perspectives of ethnic culture and gender were scarce. Therefore, the objective of this study was to examine the self-efficacy of Bugis Junior High School students in solving math problems based on gender. The researchers used an algebra problem in the context of the Bugis ethnic culture. For this data set, two of 25 students at a public junior high school in Bone, South Sulawesi, Indonesia, were interviewed based on ethnicity and gender. Qualitatively, the triangulation technique was employed for data analysis. The study results revealed that male students outperformed girls in terms of self-efficacy, namely magnitude, strength, and generality, in math performance. Furthermore, female students had lower self-efficacy in terms of confidence, supportive experience in completing math tasks, and confidence in their ability to complete math tasks in similar or different contexts, compared to male students, who had higher self-efficacy. This result provided new knowledge by exploring the characteristics of students' self-efficacy by integrating ethnicity and gender.

Keywords: Bugis ethnic, gender, mathematics performance, self-efficacy.

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